The role of Heinrich 5 climatic event on human migration: A high resolution speleothem record from southern Turkey

The Holocene period climate oscillations and their effect on ancient cultures have been relatively well studied in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. However, there is lesser information about the impacts of climate change on the human population during the last glacial. The most extreme global climate events during the last glacial period are represented by Heinrich events. In order to understand the effects of the rapid climate changes on human migrations, it is important to define the temporal and spatial variability of the Heinrich events. Heinrich events are several cold periods, named after paleoclimatologist Hartmut Heinrich, caused by the large inputs of fresh water into the North Atlantic from melting glaciers. These large amount of fresh water lead to important break down of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) and North Atlantic deep water (NADW) formation. Besides, Heinrich 5 event (48 ka BP) has a special interest in paleoclimate community due to migration of anatomically modern humans (AMH) westward to Europe via Eastern Mediterranean by approximately 45,000 years ago. The paleoclimate studies and archaeological evidence have shown that AMH used the Levant Region and the southern Turkey coastline as migration route. The Eastern Mediterranean Region – southern Turkey has a particular importance because it served as a gateway to Europe during this exodus. We have presented an absolute dated section between ~39-50 ka BP of the Dim 1 Stalagmite sample that has been sampled from Dim Cave (Southern Turkey) that gives valuable information from the last glacial.

Authors: Mehmet Oruç Baykara1, Chuan-Chou Shen2 and Horng-Sheng Mii3

1Pamukkale University, Department of Geography, TR-20070 Denizli, Turkey,

2High-precision Mass Spectrometry and Environment Change Laboratory (HISPEC), Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan

3Department of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan

Section: Symposium “Cave Climate and Paleoclimate – Best Record of the Global Change IV”

Type: Oral presentation

Short bio of the presenter:

Address: Department of Geopraphy, Geological Engineering, Pamukkale University
Kınıklı Campus, 20017, Denizli, TURKEY
Phone: +902582967412

03/2014, Ph.D., Ins. of Science, Dept. Geology Engineering, Pamukkale University, Turkey.

Current position
08/2018-now Asisstant Prof., Department of Geography, Pamukkale University

Fields of specialty
Paleoclimate changes; stable isotopes; karst hydrology; speleology

Major awards and honors
2014, HISPEC LAB- National Taiwan UniversityPost-doc grant  Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
2011, IAS travel grant
2009, Erasmus Scholarship
2009, Marie-Curie Grant
2008, Best poster award, Turkish Geology Assembly

Others: Izmir Cave Research Association, Izmir, Turkey and Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey

Related Posts